Greece is a land which has witnessed a great hub of philosophers in ancient times. And till date, the philosophers of Greece are its identity. Greece and its ancient history is one of the necessary topics that students of history and philosophy study, and they also have to prepare assignments on it in which law dissertation writing service help them with their expert writers. Below we will discuss how Greece became an intellectual hub in the past and how great philosophers made Greece a country of amazing philosophers?
Greece and its contribution to philosophy:
The credit for producing the great and best philosophers and thinkers of the world. These great philosophers have given a new direction to the thought of people in numerous most important and elementary matters of life and society. This helped in the development of Greece in different spheres.
Greece develops politically, geographically and artistically during this period. A lot of theories and concepts that we study today are developed by those great philosophers. Plato, Aristotle, Socratic and many more known great philosophers of that time belong to Greece. No one can deny the contribution they have made to the world.
We can divide Greek philosophers into three categories pre-Socratic, Socratic and post-Socratic. The philosophers of these three groups are why Greece became a huge philosophical hub in ancient times. The theories and discoveries of the philosophers that we study either in physics or maths, we saw that all of those philosophers are Greek.
The pre-Socratic philosophers have their main focus on the natural world around them. They were the earliest philosophers of Greece in ancient times in the fifth or sixth century. These philosophers actually initiated the philosophy. They did not see and observe the natural world and phenomena as we see.
The questions and concepts raised by these philosophers are still relevant in today’s modern time period. Their main focus was on anthropology. Philosophers like Heraclitus and Pythagoras belong to this time period. Pythagoras has given some basic concepts and formulas of mathematics, among them famously known as Pythagoras’ theorem, which is still an important and compulsory part of the curriculum.
The Socratic philosophers:
In this category, philosophers like Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato are included. The philosophers of that time focused more on human behaviour and personal mental development. Socrates, for example, is recognised for his teaching style, in which he prioritised questioning rather than lecturing.
By asking questions, he challenges their mental capabilities. The work on different branches of sciences like physics, astronomy, and zoology also took place during this time.
The post-Socratic philosophers:
Post-Socratic philosophers work more on common issues and development. They work for politics, culture, justice, and other similar issues like that. The post-Socratic philosopher’s thought style is still used by modern teachers and educators.
Philosophers who made Greece a huge philosophical hub:
Now we will discuss some details and contributions of the philosophers who played a vital role in making Greece an intellectual hub.
Its contributions to world knowledge were so influential that pre-and post-Socratic philosophers were established. Socrates changes the whole perspective and direction of the philosophy which philosophers have previously had in pre-Socratic times.
The new perspective that he brought was by application of philosophy in daily human life, and he tried to get practical results or outcomes. Socrates believes in dialogue, discussions, and arguments.
He asks critical questions to people, more precisely to his students. And no doubt, it is his biggest contribution. Even though we see how educationists in present times teach people to think critically about everything, he did not write anything on his own most of his philosophical work came to us through his student Plato. He also has dialogues with the people about their beliefs and virtues.
Plato was one of their students of Socrates. He was so much influenced by his teacher and worked with a similar approach to his teacher. But Socrates’ major focus was on asking critical questions and discussing and reasoning with people. But Plato came with a slightly different approach.
He combines pre-Socrates and Socrates’ approaches. He worked on metaphysics as well as contributed toward ethical grounds. Physic, ethics, and dialectics are Plato’s three philosophical pillars. If we look at his work in physics, we find out that he agrees with most of the perspectives and views of Pythagoras.
Through his philosophy, he combines several important aspects, including politics, metaphysics, ethics and many other topics, in the most meaningful way. Similar to his master, he has a critical attitude towards democracy. His most famous work in written form is “The Republic.”
Similarly to Plato, Aristotle was his student as he was Socrates. Where his master Plato’s perspective was that there is a reality or things beyond human senses and sight, his student Aristotle’s perspective and facts were based on the practical experience of human life.
He classifies the pattern of knowledge into physics, biology, mathematics, and ethics at a time when all the knowledge was generalized. He also contributed as an imaginative writer. The philosophy explained by Aristotle is a significant part of the world today. He studied numerous subjects, including science, politics, government, and ethics and also wrote a lot about them.
Heraclitus is thought to be a pre-Socratic philosopher. The central idea of all the philosophy and teachings of Heraclitus was that the only phenomenon that last and is permanent in this world is changing. Everything is temporary. Nothing will last forever, but the only change is permanent.
He explained this concept through different examples and explanations. The philosopher of that used to believe that base of everything is any element. The element of Heraclitus was the fire. He believes that all the things of the world have a base element of fire.
These were the philosophers who gave direction to the different areas of life. The contribution of all these Greek philosophers is no doubt massive and appreciable. And the philosophers and then their disciples made Greece a country that will always remember in history as a philosophical hub of the early centuries.